Tag Archive: Technology


vsat1a

vsat1a

Greetings in the Name of the Lord Jesus Christ.

This beautiful morning, I endeavour to write on a vitally important but readily confusing subject for many technology enthusiasts and satellite hobbyists. A major predicate for this initiative  has been the numerous emails I have received about this subject, which I perceive are likely to even increase after this post, but all the same, I deem writing this article better than staying quiet on the matter forever.

vsat 1

vsat 1

Many people want to find out how they can browse for free using their satellite tv decoder at home. Indeed, in one of my most read articles Connecting your satellite decoder to the internet, a lot of readers misunderstood the purpose of the article, taking it to be a lecture on how to browse the internet free with a satellite tv connection. I replied numerous comments and emails in that regard, and yet the email flood doesn’t just seem to abate. Now that I am about clarifying matters about satellite internet, many internet scammers are very much unlikely to be happy, and yet this is for the general good of all who love technology and truth, and being a servant of God, it’s appropriate to expose deception of every kind and the wickedness of selfish characters on the internet using technical ambiguity to live off innocent individuals.

Before I say anything more, I state emphatically here that you cannot use an ordinary tv satellite dish and decoder to get internet connectivity. As a matter of fact, when we talk about satellite internet, we are actually referring to VSAT. Vsat stands for “Very Small Aperture Terminal”, which refers to the technology whereby data is sent and received via an antenna. The antenna size is typically 1.2m diameter for Ku-Band, or 2.4m diameter for C-Band. The difference between the two is the Frequency in which they operate. C-Band systems operate on a lower frequency (3-6 Ghz) and are therefore less affected by rain fade, however due to the size of the hardware they are more costly. Ku Band systems operate on a higher Frequency (12-14 Ghz), and allow for smaller antennas, but depending on the power of the satellite can be affected by bad weather conditions. But for satellite broadband, dish sizes ranging between 1.2m – 3.7m are used, and that’s to say a 60cm or 90cm dish will just not be used in implementing a satellite internet link.

That’s just one part of the treatise. Now, VSAT is deployed mostly in very remote areas where only satellite installations would be the most convenient internet implementation with the lack of fast broadband for fast and secure data transmission. To install a VSAT, you would necessarily need the following :

  • A satellite antenna capable of transmitting and receiving data.
  • A BUC (Block Up Converter) for transmitting.
  • An LNB (Low Noise Down Converter) for receiving.
  • Coaxial Cable from the antenna to the indoor modem.
  • A satellite Modem capable of receiving and transmitting data such as E-mails etc.

An ordinary satellite tv dish does not have a BUC, only an LNB, which is capable of only receiving datagrams. That is also to say that, your tv dish, being an LNB-only setup, can only receive digital data, but cannot send. Internet however requires both an uplink and a downlink (send and receive), so that’s clear enough. Besides, dedicated satellite modems used for satellite internet links aren’t  the normal ADSL modems available on the market. A typical satellite modem looks something like this:

satellite modem

satellite modem

I provide a second image of a connected satellite modem to help you understand that this isn’t the normal modem/router you know.

RhemaNetworks

RhemaNetworks

By now I am sure you are beginning to get an idea what it takes to set up a satellite internet link. Like I mentioned earlier, an LNB cannot transmit data to a transponder on a satellite, it can only receive data streams for onward transmission into the modem for final decoding of the data packet. To be able to transmit data via a satellite dish to a satellite up in the sky and effectively communicate over the internet, you would need a BUC bucThis is always attached to a Ku or C band LNB attached to the dish/ satellite bowl. Small as it may seem to your eyes, this is the transceiver that can actually enable you to transmit whatever data you wish to a satellite up in the sky, and get it forwarded to other networks and nodes. An ordinary satellite tv dish doesn’t use, and just doesn’t support the use of a BUC, and that is why you cannot establish any form of internet connection using your small dish at home to get an internet connection. It is likely you have seen Banks and other corporate organisations using satellite internet with dishes like this :

RhemaNetworks  2

RhemaNetworks 2

This is the kind of setup that gives you satellite broadband connectivity, not your DStv, Mytv or MulitTV Ku / C band LNB dishes.

My dear friend, many scammers are out there taking advantage of the lack of adequate information on some of these matters, and duping unsuspecting individuals. I have taken time this morning just to help you understand the processes and hardware configuration involved in getting satellite internet at home or at the office. If inspite of all I have said, you still fall victim to an internet scam about using your tv dish to browse the net for free, that would be most unfortunate. There’s nothing like free browsing with satellite decoders. When you sign up for VSAT, you have to purchase a subscription, and you pay just as you would for fixed or mobile broadband. An eternal mental conditioning and desire to get everything free isn’t the best for  a technology enthusiast. So don’t get yourself into any free satellite internet cloud.

I am very happy I have been able to post on this, and may it bring versatile enlightenment to many. Relevant questions and comments are always welcome.

God bless us all.

Prince Kay

Rhema Network Solutions

Linksys Wireless Router

Linksys Wireless Router

Greetings in the Name of the Lord Jesus Christ in whom alone is Life.

My resolve to write on this very topic is predicated on my present recognition and awareness of  common difficulties many , both novices and even some networking professionals have experienced in setting up simple Local Area Networks, Access Points attached to such networks, and even how to bridge multiple wireless routers in the same network to ensure that they can communicate flawlessly. While this may seem simple, very simple mistakes can keep one gagged in frustration, spending hours and days on end chasing the wind. In this writeup, I intend first to show you how you can set up an Access Point or Wireless Hotspot on an already installed LAN at home or at work. Then I would talk about how to effectively secure you network without using passwords(which by far is the best way), and then finally, I would show you how you can connect(Bridge) two or more wireless routers in your local network.

Now, in this article, we would mostly be using the terms ‘Wireless Router’ and Access Point interchangeably. At this point however, It is vitally important to recognize that there is a bit of difference between the two in terms of hardware, but they do share technical convergence with regards to functionality. Generally, wireless routers seem more common, and are often cheaper in terms of price than wireless access points, and just like wireless routers, Wireless Access Points (APs or WAPs) are specially configured nodes on wireless local area networks (WLANs). Access points act as a central transmitter and receiver of WLAN radio signals. Access points used in home or small business networks are generally small, dedicated hardware devices featuring a built-in network adapter, antenna, and radio transmitter. Access points support Wi-Fi wireless communication standards just like wireless routers do.

Access Point

Access Point

Whichever you choose to purchase, configuring it to work within your wired network is what matters most.

So, let’s look at how to add an access point to a wired network already in place, or to one where the main NAT router is provided by your ISP. The new wireless router/access point you wish to add to the network needs to be configured to use an IP address that’s valid within your network range or subnet. The following are a breakdown of the steps to follow to add your wireless router to the existing network.

Step 1: Find the IP address of your existing Wired router. You need to find the internal IP address of your existing modem/gateway/router that connects your network to the internet. Under Windows, the easiest way to do this is drop to command prompt (Start > Run > type: cmd) and type: ipconfig

In this example, my ISP-provided router, otherwise termed the Default Gateway is set to 192.168.1.1. My client computer is at 192.168.1.101 Screenshot_1
The “IP address” line in the above figure shows your computer’s IP, while the “Default Gateway” is your main existing router that provides your internet connection. It is usually in the 192.168.x.x range.
You need to connect one of its Ethernet/LAN ports to the existing wired router used for the LAN.

Step 2: Connect to your router administration interface to find the DHCP range
By default, LAN clients are usually set to obtain their IPs automatically. What that means is, the router acts as a DHCP server, and serves IP addresses automatically as and when required, to the client computers. You need to find the range of IP addresses used for DHCP so you can later set your access point to use an IP address outside that range (but on the same subnet).
Login to your gateway’s admin interface using the ip address provided by the manufacturer usually by typing its IP address(usually located at the side or bottom of the router) in your web browser, and find the DHCP range. In this example, the DHCP range is from 192.168.1.100 to 192.168.1.200 Screenshot_2

Step 3: Connect a computer to the wireless router/AP

You need to connect a computer  to the new wireless router to be used as an access point by using a network cable.

– set your client computer to obtain its IP automatically which is actually the default behaviour in Windows)

connect it to a LAN port on the access point using a Cat5 network cable

You should get an ip address for your client PC. If it doesn’t happen, reboot the router or use the “ipconfig /renew” command in Command prompt to force it to get an IP address from the access point

Log into the admin page of the access point, and remember you can find it’s IP address just as you did for your main wired router earlier.Now simply type the IP address of the router in your browser’s address bar.

Step 4: Configure the wireless router / AP

After you log into the admin interface of the wireless router, you need to do two things. First, you need to change its internal/LAN IP address to an unused address in the same network as all your other LAN devices. Second, you need to disable the DHCP server on your new AP, so there is only one DHCP server on the network. In my case, my main LAN router is set to 192.168.1.1, and it is serving dynamic IP addresses via DHCP in the range 192.168.1.100 – 192.168.1.200. I have to use any other address in the 192.168.1.x range for the access point. So for my new wireless router/access point, I would use 192.168.1.25 as its IP address(notice that the address is within the 192.168.1.x network, and has 25 as its identifier, a value that is outside the DHCP range of my main router 100 – 200).Besides, I’ve disabled DHCP, so it will not interfere with the DHCP server from my main router. It is important to have only one device acting as a DHCP server, and that the IP address of the access point is in the same range as the main router, else both devices can’t communicate with each other.

Step 5: Connect the AP to the LAN

It is time to connect the reconfigured wireless access point to the network. Use a LAN port on the new wireless router, and connect it with a Cat5 network cable to one of the LAN ports of the existing gateway. Make sure not to use the “Internet/WAN” port on the wireless access point!

Connect your client computer to another LAN port of the main router (if you do not reboot, you will have to use “ipconfig /renew” in command prompt to obtain an IP address from your router just like you did earlier this lab)

Step 6: Test if admin page is reachable and secure the AP

Now that the new wireless access point is connected to our network, with a correct IP address in the same range and outside the DHCP range, we can test whether it’s reachable, and secure the wireless connection.
In the above example, I configured the wireless AP to use 192.168.1.25. Its administration interface should be reachable by typing this IP address in the browser.
Once connected, it is time to set the wireless security:
Use WPA2 if both your access point and clients support it. Set a strong key, and remember it – clients will need this to be able to connect to the wireless network. Try not to use WEP encryption – it can be cracked easily. The best way however to protect your wireless network is to create an access list or WLAN MAC filter, whereby only computers and devices whose MAC address are listed on the access-list can access the wireless network.

Step 7: Test the AP wireless connection

Start a wireless client and make sure it properly connects to the network. It should pull an IP address automatically from your existing main router (the DHCP server). If it opens a webpage, your setup has been successful. Done, you now have a wireless access point

Step 8 : Adding an additional wireless router to boost signal and extend network range

It’s always the case that most wireless routers and access points do not provide wide range wireless signals, and therefore it’s almost always necessary to extend the range of such a network.
To do this, an additional 1 or more wireless routers need to be introduced in the network. Now, to extend the range of wireless signals from your existing access point which you just configured using steps 1 through 7, you are going to have to change the ip address of your new additional wireless router ( call it Access Point 2) to an address within same network but outside the DHCP pool, just like you did for the Access Point 1 a while ago. When this is done, you would have to navigate to the WLAN(wireless LAN section on your AP 2, and change the mode of operation of the wireless router to WIRELESS BRIDGE, REPEATER, CLIENT or whatever name is provided by the routers Manufacturer. The common ones are what I just provided. Screenshot_3
Screenshot_4

At this point, you must know the MAC address of the AP 1 you intend to connect your AP 2 to. Additional settings that you must ensure are correct include the CHANNEL, ENCRYPTION TYPE, AND SSID. These settings on your AP2 have to be the same as what you have set on the AP1, else the connection would fail. The name of the wireless on AP1 that’s broadcast must correspond with that on the AP 2 you are now configuring. Same applies to the Channel number, the Channel width and the Authentication and Encryption on the AP1. Remember that, your AP 2 must have it’s original IP changed to an address that’s valid in the main LAN, outside the addresses served by the DHCP server(main wired router), and also ensure that the Default Gateway is set to correspond with the IP address of the main router through which connection to the internet is established. When this is properly done, you should have a beautiful network with multiple Access Points, hotspots and AP range extenders working in perfect harmony.

PS: I have received hundreds of emails seeking further indices with regards to my previous post Connecting Your Digital Satellite Decoder to the Internet. It appears to me that many misunderstand the purpose of the article, which was intended to enable persons with strong decoders to connect the decoder to the internet and access pre-installed web applications including YouTube, Weather, Maps etc. Most responses I have received indicate that, quite a number of folks misunderstand the post to be about how to browse the internet free using satellite. I’d like to reiterate that, the mentioned post has nothing to do with satellite internet (V-sat) commonly used by banks and large corporations to aid in Wide Area Networking implementations. The article only explains how to get your LAN-port enabled decoder to connect the internet and have access to what the decoder provides under entertainment. Mostly, this is termed IPtv( meaning using the internet to enjoy programs on a satellite decoder). I hope this update would clarify things to all readers and subscribers who have found difficulties understanding some of the procedures postulated in the post Connecting Your Digital Satellite Decoder to the Internet.

If this article has been informative enough for you, please leave a comment and post any questions you may have.
Jesus is Lord!!

Prince Kay
MD, Rhema Network Solutions

Good day everyone!

It’s always a great feeling to get on the laptop and do some tech writing. The past couple of days, I have been extremely busy dealing with Cisco configurations and networking labs, and after much typing of verbose network commands, I don’t intend today to rattle of fresh volleys of illusory networking rhetoric, but to write about something that has especially been a major challenge to many a user of satellite tv.

In the first place, it’s important for you to know that ” OTA automatic downloading” is a major problem on all FAKE ‘Strong’ branded decoders, most especially fake 4669xii models . But that is not to say it may not occur on a genuine, verified decoder.Many satellite users have experienced this problem at least once, and still others experience this everyday when they turn on their decoders, without an idea how to deal with the situation. If this problem has been your nightmare, then we bless God for the grace given me to write.

By now I’m sure you are asking what the heck is OTA with it’s accompanying problems. Well, OTA actually stands for OVER THE AIR programming, and refers basically to a standard of satellite broadcast transmission by which various methods are adopted for the distribution of new software updates or configuration settings to mobile receptors. When this begins to occur on a decoder, satellite transponder settings may have changed or could also be due to fake firmware and the like, and its recurrence can really put one on edge.

Let me remind you that, as of yet, there’s is no software patch, firmware upgrade or internal tweaking that is able to successfully extirpate the problem of automatic OTA downloads. Here’s a simple step i have for you that works

1. When you turn on your digibox and have a display on the screen saying: “OTA downloading upgrade, Please wait”, simply turn the decoder off, and disconnect the sat cable that connects to LNB 1 on the rear of your decoder.

2. Now check the cable to be sure the neutrals(several threads of wire) have no contact whatsoever with the positive copper wire(the big single wire)

3. Turn the decoder on again without connecting the satcable to the decoder. When the firmware loads, you would notice a “No Signal” prompt, and then the decoder would restart by itself after about 10seconds.

4.After restarting by itself, put the decoder off again, reconnect your satcable to the LNB receive port, and switch the box on. After loading, you should have pictures displaying. So hurray, OTA downloading is gone…… BUT not forever if you do not follow through with the next step.

5. This step is vitally important. You should navigate with your remote control to MENU > INSTALLATION >(password:0000) OTA MENU>>>>>> Now on this page, you have DEFAULT in the first field(Scan Mode) Change this to USER. Then move to second item(satellite) and select any other satellite different from the satellite used to install your tv.( you can check what satellite is used for your tv installation by simply selecting any channel on your list, and pressing the INFO button on your remote control twice. So for instance, on my plasma, you realize that the channel showing is EMMANUEL TV, with several other parameters. The satellite is 28.2 degrees East Astra 3A..satpicso then, in my OTA menu, under satellite, I would have to use any other satellite apart from Astra 3A, and then save settings and exit.

6. When this is properly done, you should no longer see any annoying OTA messages again, and hopefully your imitated digibox would cease to give you any headaches ever again..lol.

NB: To verify if your Strong decoder is an original product, navigate to MENU > SYSTEM SETTINGS > (password 0000) SECURITY SETTING > CODE NUMBER*************. Get onto the Strong Technologies website, and navigate to decoder authentication, where you’d find an option to verify the authenticity of your box or otherwise. type in the code number from your decoder, and wait for a response.

And if you discover yours is genuine, lift up your head and bless God, cos the fakes are more than the genuine – hehehe!

So that is that folks. Keep your comments and questions coming as we look forward to our next article on the topic ” HOW TO USE YOUR ROUTER AS AN ACCESS POINT ON YOUR NETWORK(imagine that you have two routers, one is only wired, the other is wired and wireless, so you wanna use the latter as an AP connected to the original NAT router.This article is going to be very interesting for all networking addicts and even newbies). God Bless You!

Daniel 12:4 But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words and seal the book, even to the end of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge SHALL be increased

It’s been a while since my last post on this site. By the special grace of the Lord I have researched a few things in the Digital Satellite world that i would like to share with you.

Before reading this, note that recent happenings in various parts of the world are directing all of mankind towards a certain awareness. Jesus is due to return very soon, and whatever amends remain for every earthman to make in reconstructing our lives towards a genuine commitment to Jesus and His saving grace, this moment would be most appropriate to activate such a process.

I believe God has enabled every earthman with divine abilities of prescience to decry what lies ahead of all mankind in the coming years, and without the energy of God’s Spirit, it is obvious no Christian would survive the pressures of a world now laden with an awful dimension of sin and negativity.

With that being said, I join Millions of Americans and believers in freedom and basic human sanity to mourn the 2,996 people that lost their lives through terrifying circumstances on September 11, 2001. Jihad, Terrorism or whatever name they give it, the attacks of that day were a mere display of weakness, foolishness, pusillanimity and cowardice by faceless poltroons who possess the lowest of minds by thinking violence is the best way to preach faith. May the Lord of Peace preserve and prosper all earthmen that seek peace, love, Godliness and human comfort. Amen!

Now to the topic of the day, I am going to show you how you can connect your satellite decoder to the internet and virtually transform same into a modem, browse whatever links and access millions of free online videos and IPTV on your decoder.

These methods are all proven and stress-free, and every technology enthusiast, every satellite hobbyist, and every soul who cannot live without a computer earth or in heaven, should read this, work it out and share the info.

First of all, items you would need for this configuration include the following :

1. Dreambox/Strong SRT 4669 Z or any HD Digital Satellite Receiver (decoder) with a LAN or port

2. Laptop with Windows 7/Ubuntu 10 or higher

3. RJ-45 LAN cable

4. Mobile Broadband (USB modem / Data Card Switch)

5. Flash driver /USB stick

Now let’s move on to the real thing.

1. First of all, be sure your Decoder is all set and working.

2. Insert you flash drive into the USB slot in front or behind your decoder.

3. Now connect you mobile broadband modem to your laptop and connect It the usual way you do for browsing. Be sure the link is up and test a page by opening http://wp.me/Jddi or just run an ICMP echo ping request on the network.

4. When you are certain everything is okay and packet flow is smooth, connect your RJ 45 LAN cable to your laptop’s Ethernet port.

5. Now connect the other end of the RJ45 to your decoder’s Ethernet port, usually
located at the back or the right side of most decoders. The Ethernet connection led should blink so you can be sure of proper connection of the cable.

6. When all that is done, you would have to now turn to your plasma and hit menu on your remote control. Select SYSTEM SETTINGS, then go to IP SETTINGS.

7. Usually what you would see next should be something like this:

DHCP USAGE – ON
IP ADDRESS – some dotted zeros
SUBNET MASK – 255.0.0.0
GATEWAY – some dotted zeros
MAC ADDRESS – an address that defines the unique id of you Receiver’s LAN card

Down below on the left or right corner of the screen, you should see a prompt “ press to obtain IP address. Usually on an SRT 4669 or other newer Strong decoder models, all you would have to do is straightaway press the recall/red button and wait for DHCP to assign an automatic IP ADDRESS. Depending on how several factors, this process of waiting could take sometime.

8. If however, after waiting for a reasonable period of time a unique IP is not assigned to your device you would be required to key in the settings manually after you have set “DHCP USAGE” to “OFF”

9. IP ADDRESS : 192.168.1.100 (You can use any Private IP address provided it falls within the same range/network of your router. The network of your router is usually located on a sticker at the back or side of your router. For example, If you realized you router has this address at the back as its IP 192.168.0.254, that would mean that, your network is 192.168.0, and therefore the last digit which would actually identify your decoder would be any value between 1 and 253. You could have something like this 192.168.0.75 as the Static IP for your decoder.
SUBNET MASK : 255.255.255.000 (This must always be maintained in this format)
GATEWAY : 192.168.1.1 (This is the same as the IP address located at the back of your router)
DNS : same as GATEWAY

When this is done, save and exit the page.

You can now begin exploring the Internet Radio by different genres (SRT users, go to storage, select internet radio or online weather service), scan and enjoy as many as you want for free. You can also browse through YouTube videos, and also enjoy the Internet Weather Service for any city in the world. By pressing MENU and navigating to ENTERTAINMENT, you would find options for free IPtv, Youtube Google, Internet Radio and Weather Services.

It’s simple and interesting. In the process of setting this up, you can always leave a question on this page and I’ll always strive to respond promptly.

When you are done setting up your Digibox and enjoying all the freebies, don’t forget to leave a comment on this page describing your experience.

NOTE: There is an important update on how to setup your Satellite Receiver (Decoder) in higher modes to enable you watch and enjoy “DSThieves” premium channels for less.

If interested contact this man Kalunda Kunate via septuagint0214@gmail.com

Don’t forget to share this page.

God bless!

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